This paper was presented on October 21, 2014 to the Community of Practice on Intellectual Property during the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development at the World Bank, Washington, DC. This work was undertaken on a pro bono basis for Public Interest Intellectual Property Advisors (PIIPA). The authors express their gratitude to PIIPA’s Program Director, Pacyinz Lyfoung.
This document focuses on corruption that may occur in funded projects of government or international organizations, but corruption cannot be an isolated phenomenon within a project. Instead, it may be systemic, affecting a whole sector or country. So a project to be implemented in such an environment is likely to be susceptible to this broader, general environment, not only on project-specific issues.
World Bank. 2014. Sinais de alerta de corrupção e fraude : um processos licitatorios. Good practices in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, DC : World Bank Group