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Desk Review of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of EAC Countries and Compliance with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

November 15, 2012

Contributors: Janet E. Lord, Kelly Bunch & Allison DeFranco

This Desk Review provides an overview of the legal and regulatory framework of East African Community countries in the area of education for persons with disabilities and analyzes complliance with the obligations pertaining to education in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Inclusive education as it is defined and elaborated in the CRPD is a specific substantive right that connects to the realization of all other substantive rights in the treaty - civil, political, economic, social and cultural. Article 24 of the CRPD, on education, applies to all levels (i.e. primary, secondary and higher education) and requires the observance of non-discrimination on the basis of disability and, crucially, the application of reasonable accomodation. The requirements of the CRPD include ensuring that the educational system is: (1) open and accessible to children and other learners with disabilities; (2) addressing systemic barriers (e.g.., law, policy and institutional) and requiring schools systems to accomodate the diversity and difference of disability.

The implementation of includive education consistent the CRPD is a process that requires action at national, regional and local levels and also action in schools and classrooms. Critical to the development of an effective plan to implement inclusive education is the identification of barriers within a given country contect at all levels and solutions specifically tailored to the context.

Read through the full Desk Review below.  

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