Global Forum on Law Justice and Development
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A joint report of the World Bank and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children


Cover Protecting Children from Cybercrime, Legislative Responses in AsiaInformation and communication technologies (ICTs) have developed rapidly over the last two decades. The development of ICTs have allowed adults, as well as children, to enjoy unprecedented opportunities and benefits in terms of socialization, education, and entertainment. On the other hand, recent rapid advances in ICTs simultaneously have allowed violence to be committed by, with, and through the use of ICTs, including violence against children.

A joint report of The World Bank, The International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children and the Associação dos Juízes Federais da Primeira Região do Brasil.


Cover Protecting Children from Cybercrime, Legislative Responses in Latin AmericaThe Internet has created an exciting world of rapid information exchange, altering our cultural landscape with enormous new benefits and opportunities in education, socialization, and entertainment. Unfortunately, it has also proven to be a powerful tool for illegal endeavors helping fuel criminal activity. Illicit ventures are no longer constrained by physical limits related to presence, transportation, distribution, jurisdiction, and vigilance as the Internet has provided them a space to thrive without censorship and impunity.

23 November, 2015

After the COP21 that took place in Paris in December 2015, the Civil Law Initiative looks into the increase of the effectiveness of international environmental law (report published 23 November 2015).

The World Bank


Cover Corruption Warning SignsThis document focuses on corruption that may occur in funded projects of government or international organizations, but corruption cannot be an isolated phenomenon within a project. Instead, it may be systemic, affecting a whole sector or country. So a project to be implemented in such an environment is likely to be susceptible to this broader, general environment, not only on project-specific issues.

World Bank. 2014. Sinais de alerta de corrupção e fraude : um processos licitatorios. Good practices in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, DC : World Bank Group

Author: Emelyne Calimoutou

Contributing Authors: Yuantao Liu, Beverley Mbu

The Compendium of International and National Legal Framework on Child Marriage ("the Compendium") provides a survey of the key international, regional and national legal instruments as they relate to the right to marry with the full and free consent of the intending spouses and to the obligation for government to take legislative measures to abolish child marriage.

Author: Pierre Viaud

The share of the global population that follows one of the world’s major faiths is estimated at 75.05 per cent or 5,479,200,000 individuals2 out of a total of 7.3 billion.3 The moral and ethical principles that these religions preach seem very close to the secular common principles adopted by the international community over the last hundred years in the framework of international institutions throught their legal instruments like treaties, agreements, resolutions and declarations. This overlap must be examined.

Falsified and substandard medicines (FS) are a known public health problem. FS medicines represent various threats to patients: they may contain an insufficient amount or no active ingredient, or dangerous ingredients. Drug resistance, treatment failure and death have been associated with these products. While the prevalence in developed markets is likely below 1%, it is estimated that up to and more than 15% of all drugs sold in developing countries constitute a threat to patients.

Houda Morad, Li Guo, and Seth A. Watkins

October 2014

This paper was presented on October 21, 2014 to the Community of Practice on Intellectual Property during the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development at the World Bank, Washington, DC. This work was undertaken on a pro bono basis for Public Interest Intellectual Property Advisors (PIIPA). The authors express their gratitude to PIIPA’s Program Director, Pacyinz Lyfoung.


Each year, LEG VPU publishes the World Bank Legal Review, a publication for policy makers and their advisors, judges, attorneys and other professionals engaged in the field of international development with a particular focus on law, justice and development. With contributions from both legal scholars and practitioners, the Legal Review offers a combination of legal scholarship, lessons from experience, legal developments and research on the many ways in which the law and justice systems help promote poverty reduction, economic development and the rule of law.