This document focuses on corruption that may occur in funded projects of government or international organizations, but corruption cannot be an isolated phenomenon within a project. Instead, it may be systemic, affecting a whole sector or country. So a project to be implemented in such an environment is likely to be susceptible to this broader, general environment, not only on project-specific issues.
World Bank. 2014. Sinais de alerta de corrupção e fraude : um processos licitatorios. Good practices in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, DC : World Bank Group